Earlier this month, the European Space Agency’s Sentinel-1A satellite has completed its successful first year of orbiting the Earth more than 5300 times while providing continuous imagery of the earth’s surface no matter what the weather.
This project is part of the European Space Agency’s Copernicus program and aims to monitor the Earth’s land and sea, map natural disasters and observe sea ice. The following photos are the stunning images taken during the satellite’s first 12 months of orbiting the Earth.
The bright radar reflections you see in this photograph represents Tokyo’s urban landscape while the polar opposite represents Minami-Bōsō Quasi-National Park pictured to the southwest of Tokyo Bay.
2. Beijing, China
With over 21 million people, Beijing of The People’s Republic of China is one of the most populous cities in the world.
3. Lisbon, Portugal
Here we can see the Tagus River flowing from the upper right corner. Tagus, the longest river on the Iberian Peninsula, originates in central Spain and stretches over 1,000 kilometers through Portugal.
At the south and east of the landlocked country is The Great Hungarian Plain and above it the North Hungarian Mountains region.
5. Sentinel-1A Over Italy
The satellite carries an advanced radar instrument to provide an all-weather, day-and-night supply of imagery of Earth’s surface.
6. Jakobshavn Glacier, Greenland
The Jakobshavn Glacier, along with Greenland’s numerous glaciers drain ice from the central sheet.
7. Towing the Costa Concordia
The Sentinel-1A capture this image of the Costa Concordia cruise ship being towed towards the city of Genoa. The cruise ship capsized in January 2012 near the island of Giglio.
8. Rio de Janeiro Brazil
Here we can see the Guanabara Bay in southeast Brazil. On the western banks of the bay and along the Atlantic coast to the south lies the city of Rio de Janeiro.
9. Aral Sea
The Aral Sea, located on the border between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in Central Asia.
London along the River Thames appears as a cluster of radar reflections.
11. Antarctica Peninsula
This image of a transect over the northern part of the Antarctica Peninsula was taken using the Sentinel-1A’s strip map mode.
12. Napa Valley, California
Right after California’s Napa Valley was struck with the biggest earthquake in 25 years, Sentinel-1A was able to produce an interferogram that shows the ground moving during the quake by processing two images.
13. Mount Pinatubo, Philippines
During its eruption in 1991, Mt. Pinatubo pushed more particulate matter in the Earth’s atmosphere than any eruptions since Krakatoa in 1883.
14. Athens, Greece
In this image we see the Attica region of Greece, with Athens near the center.
15. Rub’ al Khali Desert
This radar image shows the sand dunes of the Rub’ al Khali Desert on the south Arabian Peninsula.